International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research and Engineering-IJASRE

Antibiotic resistance and prevalence of virulence and quinolone resistance genes in Escherichia coli strains of avian origin isolated from semi-industrial farms in Cote d'Ivoire

Article Category: Biotechnology

DOI: 10.31695/IJASRE.2019.33275

Pages: 127-134

Author: Kamagaté Tidiane, Saraka N’Guessan Daniel,Ouattara Karamoko,Ouattara Abou,Sanogo Moussa,Gboko Abiba Ouattara,Coulibaly Adama

Abstract: Avian colibacillosis is a serious pathology caused by extra-intestinal E. coli strains that cause huge economic losses for farmers. In this study, antibiotic resistance and virulence of avian E. coli strain isolated from a few semi-industrial farms in Côte d'Ivoire were evaluated. To do this, 75 strains of E. coli were isolated from chicken organs with colibacillosis by microbiological methods in agar and biochemical media. Then, the resistance of these strains to antibiotics was evaluated by the antibiogram method with disks, based on the diffusion of antibiotics in agar medium. PCR was used to search for virulence genes (PapC, Tsh and Cnf) and quinolone resistance (qnrA and qnrB) on ciprofloxacin and oxolinic acid resistant strains. The results of the antibiogram showed multi-resistant strains with high resistance for Oxacillin (100%), Amoxicillin (84%), Tetracycline (94%), Spiramycin (70%), Oxolinic acid (64%). The lowest levels of resistance were observed with Colistin (0%), Gentamicin (20%) and Ciprofloxacin (27%). The PCR revealed a remarkable presence of quinolone resistance genes, qnr A and qnr B with the same rate of 16.12%. As for virulence, only the Pap C gene was detected with a rate of 12.90%. These results are useful in the surveillance of antimicrobial resistance and in the control of avian colibacillosis.

Keyword: E. coli, avian colibacillosis, antimicrobial resistance, virulence, Ivory Coast.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (International) Licence. (CC BY-NC 4.0)
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