International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research and Engineering-IJASRE

Development and Validation of a Questionnaire on Ethical Consumption among a Moroccan Population

Article Category: Management Science

DOI: 10.31695/IJASRE.2019.33648

Pages: 74-79

Author: Aida Soulaymani,Zakaria Abidli,Omar Touab

Abstract:

According to the literature review, ethics in consumer choice is expressed by consumers. However, the measurement of ethical consumption is still poorly adapted because of its diversified definition in the marketing of consumer behavior. According to the literature review,  there is no global scale for measuring ethical consumption behavior in an Arabic-speaking population. For this reason, our objective is to validate a questionnaire on ethical consumption and to determine the profile of this type of consumption among the Moroccan population. A methodological choice is a quantitative approach in which we used a technical sheet with a self-questionnaire and a questionnaire on ethical consumption. The scale validation process is based on two steps. Initially, we calculated the reliability of the entire questionnaire and the three dimensions of the scale by Cronbach's alpha. Exploratory factorial analyses were then carried out. There are 161 participants, 55% of whom are female compared to 45% male. The average age of the participants was 41.8±13.4 years. For the internal consistency of the questionnaire, we calculated the Cronbach index, which was 0.8 for the whole scale, α=0.7 for ethical consumption of textiles, 0.7 for ethical consumption of food and psychoactive substances and α=0.8 for the consumption of hygiene, beauty and cosmetic products. consumption of food and psychoactive substances and α=0.8 for the consumption of hygiene, beauty and cosmetic products.

Keyword: Development, Validation, Questionnaire, Consumption, Ethics, Morocco.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (International) Licence. (CC BY-NC 4.0)
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