Breeding Advancement for Yield and Yield Related Traits of Desi Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L) Varieties in Ethiopia
Keywords:Kabuli chickpea, Grain yield, hundred seed weight, Genetic gain
Thirteen desi chickpea varieties released since 1974 were evaluated in the 2017 cropping season at Jari location. The varieties were laid out in randomized complete block design with three replications. The analysis of variance revealed highly significant differences among tested varieties for all traits except plant height revealing that the varieties tested were highly variable. The average rate of increase in grain yield per year over the past 42 years period was 30.68 kg ha-1yr-1 with a relative genetic gain of 0.73% year-1, which was a significant increase for the last four decades of desi chickpea improvement. The regression of a hundred seed weight against the years of release showed not significantly different from zero. It showed an annual rate of genetic gain of 0.85 g yr-1 with a relative annual genetic gain of 0.23%. The number of pods per plant and number of seeds per pod revealed a non-significant decreasing trend over the past 42 years. Plant height, days to flowering, and days to maturity showed a non-significant trend in the current study. Grain yield showed a non-significant positive association with plant height, days to maturity and a hundred seed weight and non-significant negative association with days to flowering, the number of seed per pod, and the number of pods per plant. The study also showed that varieties developed through hybridization and selection from introduction had higher progress than old varieties and selection from landraces. Therefore, it is more likely that the productivity of desi chickpea in the future can also be increased by developing varieties using similar approaches by combining modern breeding tools.
. Gaur PM, Tripathi S, Gowda CLL, Ranga Rao GV, Sharma HC, Pande S and Sharma M. 2010. Chickpea Seed Production Manual. Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. 28 pp.
. Moreno, M. T. and Cubero, J. I. 1978. "Variation in Cicer arietinum L." Euphytica 27(2): 465- 485.
. Iruela, M., Rubio, J., Cubero, J. I., Gil, J. and Millan, T. 2002. "Phylogenetic analysis in the genus Cicer and cultivated chickpea using RAPD and ISSR markers." Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 104(4): 643-651.
. Kassie, M., Shiferaw, B., Asfaw, S., Abate, T., Muricho, G., Ferede, S., Eshete, M. and Assefa, K. 2009. Current situation and future outlooks of the chickpea sub‐ sector in Ethiopia. ICRISA and EIAR (http://www.icrisat.org/tropicallegumesII/pdfs/Current_Situation.pdf).
. Sheleme beyene, Worku Berhanu, Abate Endalkachew, W /Meskel, Molla Assefa , Legesse Hidoto , Wondwosen Tena, Tussa Dedefo, Regassa Ayana and Asnake fikre. 2015. Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Production in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples‟ Region of Ethiopia.
. Wood, J. A. and Grusak, M. A. 2007. "Nutritional value of chickpea." IN: Chickpea Breeding and Management. Yadav, S. S., Redden, R. J., Chen, W. and Sharma, B. Trowbridge, UK, Cromwell Press: 101-142.
. Evans, L.T. 1993. Crop evolution, adaptation and yield, Cambridge University Press, New York. 500p
. Ustun, A., Allen, F. L., & English, B. C. 2001. Genetic progress in soybean of the US Midsouth. Crop Science, 41, 993-998.
. Cox, T. S., Shroyer, J. P., Ben-Hui, L., Sears, R. G., & Martin, T. J. 1988. Genetic improvement in agronomic traits of hard red winter wheat cultivars 1919 to 1987. Crop Science, 28, 756-760.
. Pereira, M. L., Sadras, V. O., & Trápani, N. 1999. Genetic improvement of sunflower in Argentina between 1930 and 1995. I. Yield and its components. Field Crops Research, 62, 157-166.
. Shearman, V. J., Sylvester-Bradley, R., Scott, R. K., & Foulkes, M. J. 2005. Physiological processes associated with wheat yield progress in the UK. Crop Science, 45, 175-185.
. Osmar R, Cesar BLJ, Agostinho DD, Jose, A.M .2007. Fifty years of wheat breeding in Southern Brazil: Yield improvement and associated changes. Pesq Agropec Bras Brazilia. 42(6): 817-825.
. Parveen, L and Khalil, I.H. 2011. Improvement of agronomic traits in spring wheat cultivars released in NWFP during 1958 to 2000. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 27(1): 51-57.
. Jin J, Liu X, Wang G, Mi L, Shen Zh, Chen X, Herbert SJ .2010. Agronomic and physiological contributions to the yield improvement of soybean cultivars released from 1950 to 2006 in Northeast China. Field Crops Research. 115: 116-123
. Liu G, Yang Ch, Xu K, Zhang Zh, Li D, Wu Zh, Chen Zh .2012. Development of yield and some photosynthetic characteristics during 82 years of genetic improvement of soybean genotypes in Northeast China. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 6(10): 1416-1422
. Sergio FL, Alfedo GC, Maria EO .2006. Genetic gains in gain yield and related physiological attributes in Argentine maize hybrids. Field Crops Res. 95:383-397.
. Kebere Bezaweletaw, Ketema Belete and Stripichitt, P. 2006. Genetic gain in grain yield and associated agronomic traits in haricot bean [Phaseolu vulgaris L.]. Kasetsart Journal (Natural Science). 40: 835-847.
. Worku M and Zeleke H. 2007. Advances in improving harvest index and grain yield of maize in Ethiopia. East African Journal Science. 1(2): 112-119.
. Wondimu Fekadu, Habtamu Zeleke and Amsalu Ayana. 2011. Genetic improvement in grain yield potential and associated traits of food barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Applied Science and Technology. 2(2): 43-60.
. Fikre Hagos, Habtamu Zeleke and Bulcha Woyossa. 2012. Genetic Gain in Yield and Yield Related Traits of Groundnut [Arachis hypogea (L.)] in Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. East African Journal of crop science.6 (2):125- 136.
. Evans,L.T. and Fischer, R.A. 1999. Yield Potential: Its definition, measurement, and significance. Crop Science. 39: 1544-1551
. Naeem, U.D., Mahmood, A.G., Khattak, S., Saeed, I. and Hassan, M.F. 2009. High yielding groundnut (Arachis Hypogea L.) variety “Golden”. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 41: 2217-2222
. Tefera, H., Kamara, A.Y., Asafo-Adjei, B. and Dashiell K.E. 2009. Improvement in grain and fodder yields of early-maturing promiscuous soybean varieties in the Guinea Savanna of Nigeria. Crop Science 49: 2037–2042.
. Demissew Tesfaye. 2010. Genetic gain in grain yield and associated traits of early and medium maturing varieties of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill]. M. Sc. Thesis Presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Haramaya University. Ethiopia.
. Fano et al. 2016. Genetic Gain in Grain Yield Potential and Associated Traits of Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.)Trotter] in Ethiopia, Global Journal of Science.
. Teshome et al. 2011. Genetic gain in grain yield and yield related traits of field pea (Pisum sativum L.). M.Sc. Thesis Presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Haramaya University. Ethiopia.
. Tamene Temesgen, Gemechu Keneni and Hussein Mohammed. 2015. Genetic progresses from over three decades of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) breeding in Ethiopia. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 9(1):41-48.
. Daniel Admasu, Firew Mekbib and Asnake Fikre. 2015. Genetic Improvement of Lentil [Lens culinaris medikus] between 1980 and 2010 in Ethiopia. Malaysian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. 3. 284-294.
. Sanchez-Garcia, M., Royo, C., Aparicio,N., Juan, A., Martín-Sánchez, and Álvaro, F. 2013. Genetic Improvement of bread wheat and associated traits in Spain during the 20th century. Journal of agricultural science.151, 105-118
. Mekuria Temtme, Hussen Mohamed and Tesfaye Leta. 2018. Genetic improvement in quality, grain yield and yield associated traits of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum var.durum L.) in Ethiopia. International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research and Engineering .4(8): 2454-8006.
. Waddington, S. R., Osmanzai, M., Yoshida, M., & Ransom, J. K. 1987. The yield of durum wheat released in Mexico between 1960 and 1984. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 108, 469-477.
. Perry, M. W., & D’Antuono, M. F. 1989. Yield improvement and associated characteristics of some Australian spring wheat cultivars introduced between 1960 and 1982. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 50, 457-472.
. Voldeng, H. D., Cober, E. R., Hume, D. J., Gillard, C., & Morriso, M. J. 1997. Fifty-eight years of genetic improvement of short-season soybean cultivars in Canada. Crop Science, 37, 428-431.
. Teklu, Y. (1998). Genetic Gain in Grain Yield Potential and Associated Agronomic Traits of Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zuss) Trotter] (MSc. Thesis. Alemaya University of Agriculture Alemaya, Ethiopia).
. Follmann, D.N., Cargnelutti Filho, A., Lorentz, L.H., Boligon, A.A., Caraffa, Marcos and Wartha, Cleiton. 2017. Genetic progress in sunflower crop in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Genetics and Molecular Research. 16.
. Wondimu Fekadu, Habtamu Zeleke and Amsalu Ayana. 2013. Genetic improvement in grain yield and malting quality of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Applied Science and Technology 4(2): 37 - 62.
. Ersullo Lirie, Habtamu Zeleke and Adugna W. 2016. Genetic Gain in Grain and Oil Yields, Oil Content and Associated Traits of Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) in Ethiopia. Greener Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science. 4 (3), pp. 057-070.
. Wych, R.D. and D.C. Rasmusson, 1983. Genetic improvement in malting barley varieties since 1920. Crop Science, 23:1037-1040.
. Ortiz, R., M. Nurminiemi, S. Madsen, O.A. Rognli, A. Bjornstad, 2002. Genetic gains in Nordic spring barley breeding over sixty years. Euphytica. 126: 283-289.
. Tafese Altaye, Firewu Mekbib and Bulcha Wayossa. 2016. Genetic gain in grain yield potential and associated traits of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) in Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 6(19), 2224- 3208.
. Nurberdy Gummadova, Mesut Keserb, Beyhan Akina, Mustafa Cakmakc, Zafer Mertd, Seyfi Tanere, Irfan Ozturkf, Ali Topalg, Selami Yazard, Alexey Morgounova.2015. Genetic gains in wheat in Turkey: Winter wheat for irrigated conditions. The crop journal (3) 5 0 7 – 5 1 6.
. Mihret Yirgu, Firew Mekbib and Setegn Gebeyehu. 2015. Genetic Gain in Lowland Sorghum [Sorghum Bicolor L.Moench] Varieties in Ethiopia. International Journal of Horticulture and Plant Breeding Sci. 2(1): 1 -13.
. Tamene Temesgen. 2008. Genetic gain and morpho-agronomic basis of genetic improvent in grain yield potential achieved by faba bean breeding in Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis Presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Hawasa University.
. Ribeiro, N.D., Filho, A.C., Poersch, N.L., Jost, E. and Rosa, S.S. 2008. Genetic progress in traits of yield, phenology and morphology of common bean. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology 8: 232-238
. Kobraee, S., K. Shamsi, B. Rasekhi and S. Kobraee, 2010. Investigation of correlation analysis and relationships between grain yield and other quantitative traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(16):2342-2348.
. Yifru Teklu and Hailu Tefera. 2005. Genetic improvement in grain yield potential and associated agronomic traits of teff (Eragrostis tef). Euphytica, 114: 247-254.
. Hailu, T., Kamara, A., Asafo-Adjei, B. and Dashiell, K. 2009. Improvement in grain and fodder yields of early-maturing promiscuous soybean genotypes in the guinea savanna of Nigeria. Crop Science 49: 2037- 2042.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Genet Mengistu Ayele
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.