Comparative Analysis of Different Treatments Effects on Stylosanthes Guianensis Production Parameters in Imbo, Natural region of Burundi
Keywords:Stylosanthes Guianensis, Production parameters, Imbo region
In Burundi, the major problem for livestock is the lack of sufficient nutrients needed for its growth and development due to Burundi higher population growth rate which put a pressure on arable lands and pastures leading to grass pastures reduction. However the concentrates that can be used alternatively are not only insufficient, but also very expensive under the local farmer conditions. In the Burundi, livestock reduction was recorded while it occupies an important place in Burundian life, especially for smallholders to whom it plays a major role in terms of social life, health and income generation. Fortunately, stylosanthes Guianensis has been identified as an herbaceous forage legume with potential protein supplements of better impacts on livestock growth, development and production. It is more accessible to smallholder, whence this study has been carried out to improve stylosanthes production for better livestock feeding. The experiment has considered six seedling spacing as treatments to analyze the treatment which could effectively improve the stylosanthes production parameters in Imbo natural region. These treatments (T1 (40cm X 5 cm); T2 (40cm X 10 cm), T3 (50cm X 5 cm), T4 (50cm X 10 cm), T5 (60cm X 5 cm), T6 (60cm X 10 cm)) were ranged in three blocs completely randomized with three replications. Data were sampled at the 8th, 10th, 12th, 14th, 16th, 18th, and the 21st weeks after germination by recording as parameters: plant height, ramifications number, plant water content, green and dry matters. All data were analyzed through SPSS at P<0.05 for significative difference. The results showed no significant difference among treatments for plant height but highlighted treatments T2 as the effective treatments in increasing plant growth especially in developing period. This treatment T2 also showed positively effects on ramifications number comparatively to others. Moreover, T2 treatment significantly improved plant water content, green matter and dry matter. This study suggested treatment T2 (40cm X 10 cm) as the effective treatment which could be used for improving stylosanthes production parameters and productivity as well in the Imbo region.
Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock. Global agriculture and food security program. march 2012. Online at: https://www.gafspfund.org/sites/default/files/inline-files/2-Burundi%20GAFSP%20Proposal.pdf  Phengsavanh Phonepaseuth 1997 Environmental adaptation of forages in Lao PDR. Livestock Development Division, DLF, MAF, Lao PDR.
Norton, B. W. and Poppi, D. P. (1995) Composition and nutritional attributes of pasture legumes. In: J P F D'Mello and C Devendra (editors). Tropical legumes in Animal nutrition (CAB International) Wallingford, UK. 23-46
Peoples, M. B., and E. T. Craswell, 1992: Biological nitrogen fixation: investments, expectations and actual contribution to agriculture. Plant Soil 141, 13—40
Peoples, M. B., D. F. Herridge, and J. K. Ladha, 1995:Biological nitrogen fixation: an efficient source of nitrogen for sustainable agricultural production? Plant Soil 174, 3—28.
Doanh, L. Q., and H. D. Tuan, 2004: Improving indigenous technologies for sustainable land use in
northern mountainous areas of Vietnam. J. Mount. Sci. 1, 270—275
Hazra CR (1997). Commercial Development of Stylosanthes Pasture. A component of the Forage Research Network in India.Trop. Grassland (31): 476-481
Ackerly & Donoghue (1998) Ackerly D, Donoghue M. Leaf size, sapling allometry, and Corner’s rules: phylogeny and correlated evolution in maples (Acer) The American Naturalist. 1998;152:767–791. doi: 10.1086/286208.
FAO, 2002: http://www.fao.org/ag/AGA/AGAP/FRG/AFRIS/Data/285.htm accessed 5 March, 2006.
Corner (1949) Corner EJH. The durian theory or the origin of the modern tree. Annals of Botany. 1949;13:367–414. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a083225.
Ackerly DD, Donoghue MJ ;Leaf size, sapling allometry, and Corner's rules: phylogeny and correlated evolution in maples (Acer).Am Nat. 1998 Dec; 152(6):767-91
Olson ME, Aguirre-Hernández R, Rosell JA. Universal foliage-stem scaling across environments and species in dicot trees: plasticity, biomechanics and Corner's Rules. Ecol Lett. 2009 Mar; 12(3):210-9.
Bond & Midgley (1988) Bond W, Midgley J. Allometry and sexual differences in leaf size. The American Naturalist. 1988;131:901–910. doi: 10.1086/284830.
Midgley J, Bond W. Leaf size and inflorescence size may be allometrically related traits.Oecologia. 1989 Mar; 78(3):427-429
Shirley, M. N., Vincent, P. M., and Darryl, L. P. (1990). Abscisic acid accumulation and carotenoid and chlorophyll content in relation to water stress and leaf age of different types of citrus. J. Agr. Food Chem. 38, 1326–1334. doi: 10.1021/jf00096a007
Arndt, S. K., Irawana, A., and Sanders, G. J. (2015). Apoplastic water fraction and rehydration techniques introduce significant errors in measurements of relative water content and osmotic potential in plant leaves. Physiol. Plantarum 155, 355–368. doi: 10.1111/ppl.12380
Zubeldia, A. and J.L. Gases, 1977. The effect of spacing and the number of stem on the earliness and total yield of tomato cultivars. Prod. Vegetable, 7: 73-97
Olivares J., Edison Valencia, and Ramsos-Santana. Seeding rates of Ubon Stylo (Stylosanthes guianensis) affect plant population density, growth and dry matter yield. Eco Flora Agro journal, 2015. Online at : https://www.researchgate.net/publication/309530820_Seeding_rates_of_Ubon_Stylo_Stylosanthes_guianensis_affect_plant_population_density_growth_and_dry_matter_yield
Tersur Akpensuen, Munza and Uchele Okpanachi. Effects of stage of growth on dry matter yield and nutrients composition of stylo (Stylosanthes guianensis cv. Cook) in Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria
Larcher, W (2006) Ecofisiologia vegetal. Translation: Prado CHBA. 1st ed. São Carlos: Rima
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 BANDUSHUBWENGE Denis, KWIZERA Chantal, MBONIHANKUYE Cyrille
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.