Yield Responses of Maize (Zea mays L.) and Successive Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Crops to Maize Stover co-composted with Calliandra Calothyrsus Meisn Green Manure
Keywords:Compost, Calliandra Green Manure, Maize, Potato, Residual Effect, Harvest Index
The present investigation aimed at evaluating the effect of Calliandra calothyrsus Meisn green manure on the quality improvement of maize (Zea mays L.) stover compost. To that end, two field experiments were installed with maize (Zea mays L.) and a successive potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) crop, which was specifically set up to investigate the potential residual effects of tested organo-mineral fertilizers. The potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) crop did not receive any fertilizer, either organic or mineral. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with three replicates. The basic experimental plot was 1.6 m wide and 3 m long (4.8 m²). Treatments under evaluation were: T1=Control, T2=Maize stover co-composted with mineral fertilizer, T3=Maize stover co-compost with Calliandra calothyrsus Meisn green manure; T4=Farm manure+45-60-30; and T5=Maize stover co-composted with Calliandra calothyrsus Meisn green manure+45-60-30. Evaluated parameters were grain yields, root biomass, above-ground biomass, Harvest Index, and Root/Shoot ratio for maize (Zea mays L.). Potato yields were categorized into small size (< 35 mm), medium size (35-65 mm) and big size tubers (> 65 mm). Significant effects (p < 0.001) of tested fertilizer treatments were observed for maize grain yields (GY), above-ground biomass (AGB), and root biomass (RB). No effect (p > 0.05) of fertilizer treatments could be noticed on the harvest index (HI=0.31-0.38) or R/S ratio (0.079-0.088). For the successive potato crop, a significant effect (p < 0.001) of tested treatments was only observed for the seed-oriented medium size tubers (MST) potato yield. Overall, the most relevant observation of the maize experiment is that treatments T4 and T5 gave higher and equivalent grain and biomass yields. From there, we derive that maize stover co-composted with Calliandra calothyrsus Meisn green manure could be a sound substitute to farm manure. Additionally, the potato experiment highlighted the residual effects of the T3 treatment, statistically equivalent to that of T2. Consequently, we advise that the effects of compost-based organo-mineral fertilizers on crop yields should be evaluated beyond a single seasonal crop, in order to fully catch their residual fertilizer potentials.
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Copyright (c) 2021 KABONEKA Salvator, KWIZERA Chantal, NIJIMBERE Séverin, IRAKOZE Willy, NSENGIYUMVA Prudence, NDIHOKUBWAYO Soter, HABONIMANA Bernadette
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