Study on Microbiologically Induced Corrosion of Concrete in Sewer Waste Water
Keywords:Biogenic Acid, Corrosion, SOB, A-Thiooxidans, Concrete
Concrete infrastructures that make up the sewer system exposed to sewer wastewaters are often subjected to microbial corrosion. The activity of sulfur-oxidizing bacteria Acidithiobacillus sp leads to the formation of biogenic sulfuric acid. The biogenic sulfuric acid plays a very vital role in sulfate attack on concrete leading to loss of concrete mass and deterioration. This paper presents the results of a laboratory study of concrete biodegradation by the activity of SOB A.thiooxidans. Concrete samples were immersed in real sewer wastewater under laboratory conditions for 14 months. Changes in chemical composition, weight loss, and sulfate concentration variation in the laboratory sewer were investigated. The influence of biogenic sulfuric acid on biocorrosion of concrete samples was determined in terms of weight loss, formation of corrosion by-products and bioleaching of Ca and Si ions leachates. The weight loss varied in the range 0.031 – 0.263 mm/yr. Changes in sample morphology and by-products formed were observed by X-ray diffraction and SEM methods. The results of morphologic changes showed the formation of gypsum and ettringite with corrosion progression.
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