Automatic Escaped Animal Detection and Monitoring System. Case study: Volcanoes National Park (VNP) In Rwanda


  • Innocent ZIRAKWIYE Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology, Arusha-Tanzania
  • Jema David Ndibwile
  • Kisangiri Michael Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology Arusha-Tanzania



Automatic Buffer Wall, Ultrasonic Sensor, PIR sensor, Arduino NANO, Buzzer, GPS NEO 6M, GSM SIM900, Buzzer


The results have been shown that the people especially farmers living at the edge of Volcanoes National Park (VNP) practiced agricultural business due to the fertile soil found in the region. The rising number of agronomies in the zone, number of tourists, and illegal forest users such as poaching, and deforestation cause wild animals to get out of their habitats. Therefore, forest animals present a likely risk to damage crops whenever they get out of the forest. The current systems such as “Buffer Wall also known as wall of stones” was manually operated; electric fence systems resulted in death and pain to wild animals.  Due to the development of automatic systems for detecting and monitoring all moving wild animals and intruders, it was stated that using automation at Buffer wall could be helpful for both wild animals and farmers keeping safe. The objectives of developing an Automatic Escaped Animal Detection and Monitoring System were to reduce the probability of crop raids, death and injuries between wild animals and farmers, warning the wild animals through the use of buzzer, speaker with a recorder voice of lion and block of LEDs to remain in their habitats and the notifications sent to the park officials related to the wild animals getting out of the forest. This system should primarily use sensing devices to detect and monitor their presence.  The specialty of this technological system developed was to automate manual and improve the current systems by using Arduino NANO Microcontroller to execute system’s operations, GPS NEO 6M for locating moving wild animal, Ultrasonic sensor for detecting wildlife and calculating its speed, PIR sensor to detect intruders, GSM SIM900 to notify park rangers, reduction of crop raiding, and finally reducing the death and pain of wild animals caused by the current systems.


Izina, K., Izina, T. K., Sector, K., Province, N., Izina, K., Izina, K., Sector, K., Izina, K., Sector, K., District, N., Sector, N., Province, E., Ali, A., Rashid, B., Nuami, A., Sheikh, G., Rakotoarisa, N. R., Chief, P., Building, C., … International, C. (2018). 2018 Kwita Izina Baby Gorilla Namers revealed. September, 10–11.

Numbers, M. G. (2019). Mountain Gorilla Numbers on the Rise.

Park, A. N., & Oort, J. Van. (2020). Republic of Rwanda Rwanda 6th National Report to the Convention on Biological Diversity. September.

Park, V. N. (2019). Quantifying tolerance to crop-raiding near protected areas A case study of Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda Thesis submitted as partial fulfillment for the degree of. March, 0–78.

Patil, H., & Ansari, N. (2021). Automated Wild-Animal Intrusion Detection and Repellent System Using Artificial Intelligence of Things. SSRN Electronic Journal.

Divya, P., & Usha, P. (2018). IOT-Based Wild Animal Intrusion Detection System. July, 7–9.

Jeevitha, S., & Kumar, V. (n.d.). IJERT-A Review of Animal Intrusion Detection System Related papers A Review of Animal Intrusion Detection System. Dipet Ii.


Sharma, S., Sarkar, D., & Gupta, D. (2012). Agile Processes and Methodologies: A Conceptual Study. International Journal on Computer Science & Engineering, 4(5), 892–898.

Uno, A., & Front, R. (n.d.). Arduino Uno.

Ada, Lady. (2020). Adafruit Learning System: PIR Motion Sensor. Adafruit Learning System, 1–28.

Fezari, M., & Dahoud, A. Al. (2018). Integrated Development Environment “ IDE ” For Arduino. ResearchGate, October, 1–12.

Knörig, A., & Cohen, J. (n.d.). Fritzing – A tool for advancing electronic prototyping for designers

Editor, E., Client, E. D., This, R., & Tutorials, E. (2020). Easy EDA Tutorial Can I use Easy EDA in my company ? I don’t like others seeing my design. How can I stop What happens if EasyEDA service is offline for some Is EasyEDA safe ? What if EasyEDA cannot become self-sustaining and has to close down ?


How to Cite

ZIRAKWIYE, I., Jema David Ndibwile, & Kisangiri Michael. (2022). Automatic Escaped Animal Detection and Monitoring System. Case study: Volcanoes National Park (VNP) In Rwanda. International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research and Engineering (IJASRE), ISSN:2454-8006, DOI: 10.31695/IJASRE, 8(7), 1–10.