The Diphtheria Disease


  • Muekara Friday Dugbor Medicine, Texila American University, Nigeria



Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Etiology, Preventive measures, Symptoms, Transmission


This study, ‘The Diphtheria Disease’ explored the historical significance, etiology, symptoms, transmission, and preventive measures related to diphtheria. The study adopted a qualitative meta-analysis approach. The objectives were threefold, which included to ascertain the cause(s) of diphtheria, to investigate potential cures, and to determine the efficacy of treatments. The narrative unfolded through an examination of historical outbreaks, breakthroughs, and contemporary challenges. The study focused on respiratory, cutaneous, nasal, laryngeal, and pharyngeal diphtheria types, detailing symptoms, and transmission modes. Treatment involves diphtheria antitoxin, antibiotics, and supportive care, with emphasis on early intervention and vaccination. The efficacy of the cure was explored, highlighting the importance of timely diagnosis and treatment, antitoxin administration, antibiotic therapy, supportive care, vaccination, isolation, and public health measures. It was found in the study that diphtheria disease was caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae, the antitoxin, derived from the serum of horses could neutralize the circulating diphtheria toxin, and this cure is effective.



How to Cite

Muekara Friday Dugbor. (2024). The Diphtheria Disease. International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research and Engineering (IJASRE), ISSN:2454-8006, DOI: 10.31695/IJASRE, 10(2), 12–28.