Rules-Based Intersection Collision Avoidance System for V2X Safety
Keywords:Intersection Collision Avoidance, RICA, V2X Safety, VANET, GPS.
The biggest problem associated with the increased use of private and public transport is the increasing number of accidents on the roads. Most of the intersection collision avoidance systems use vehicle-to-infrastructure communication to avoid accidents at urban intersections. However, they are costly because additional roadside infrastructure must be installed, and they suffer from problem-related to real-time information delivery. The proposed system namely, Rules-based Intersection Collision Avoidance System (RICA) is a novel application using GPS technology for vehicle-to-everything (V2X) safety. The distance to the intersection is calculated and a time-to-intersection index is computed to establish the risk of a collision. The proposed system was achieved through simulations. It is potential as a new intersection collision avoidance system for V2X safety based on vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) communication. The result reveals that the proposed system can effectively prevent the occurrence of traffic crashes at an intersection.
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