Optimization of Micro Hydro Electric Power with Solar PV and Diesel Generator Supply System: A case study
Keywords:Ultra-low head hydro power, Fantale hydro power project, HOMER, Micro power System, Solar PV, and Renewable energy.
Nowadays, energy is one of the most important factors needed in our world. However, some resources to obtain useful energy results are still impracticable because of the exploration cost or pollution generated using these resources, etc. The energy from flowing water and sun is the most readily available, renewable and clean source of electricity. Most of the people in Ethiopia (around 81 % of the population) live in rural areas where energy access is almost negligible. A possible reason is that these areas are far away from the national grid. Micro power electric generation is one of the most valuable answers to the question of how to offer to isolated rural communities to improve the quality of life. The aim of this paper is to analyze the viability and optimization of a micro Hydro power for rural electrification, a case study was conducted at Fantale micro hydro project sites Ethiopia, with solar energy using HOMER software. In this study the necessary data have been collected and analyzed with the respect to anticipated load demand of Inkule village, then after by running the software, the simulation results for different option of power supply systems were recorded and arranged according to their net present cost (NPC). During this study a five different cases were taken for investigation and optimized as per the standard values generated by the software. The optimal results are most economical scenario for the selected site is using 7kw hydropower , PV- 5kw,5kW Diesel Generator,8 Trojan L16p Battery,6KW Convertor, to supply the village loads.
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