Assessment of Hydrochemistry, Facies Type and Processes Contributing the Major Ions to the Groundwater of Ajakanga Area, Ibadan, South Western Nigeria
Keywords:Hydrogeochemistry, Weathering, Groundwater, Water Facies, Reverse ion exchange
Resulting from insufficient supply of potable water and risk of possible contamination from anthropogenic sources, 14 samples were collected from wells at Ajakanga and environs in Ibadan, Southwestern Nigeria, in order to determine the shallow groundwater quality and desirability for drinking purposes. Physical parameters such as pH, EC, and TDS were measured at site using a combined EC, TDS and pH meter. Major ions analyzed included Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, NO3-, Cl-, HCO3- and SO42-. The anions were measured using titrimetric method, and analyzed by Genesys 2.0 Spectrophotometer, while the cations were analyzed using the flame photometry method. The hydrochemical data were subjected to a series of statistical analysis and conventional graphical plots. Results showed that all the chemical parameters analyzed, excepting Cl- fall within the World Health Organization permissible limit for drinking water. The shallow groundwater is therefore fit for drinking purposes. Cations concentration in the water is in the order of Ca>Mg>Na>K, while for the major anion HCO3>Cl>SO4>NO3. Scatter plots and Gibbs diagram showed that the cations were released into the water as a result of weathering of the underlying basement rocks. Trilinear Piper diagram indicated two water facies in the area, with CaHCO3 water being dominant, while CaMgHCO3 is subordinate. Application of Chloro Alkaline Indices and the Ca/HCO3 ratio indicated that reverse ion exchange reaction is responsible for the dominance of Ca2+ and Mg2+ in the waters.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Roland Anthony Isibor, Joseph Ayofe Aderogbin
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